A urinary tract infection occurs when there is an overgrowth of bacteria in the urethra and the bladder. You can tell you have a urinary tract infection when you have cloudy and/or smelly urine. You may also frequently feel the need to urinate yet, when you try, you cannot pass urine. Here are some other symptoms of a urinary tract infection;

  • Cramping
  • Blood in urine
  • Feeling pain when you pass urine

Cause of pain

The reason you feel pain when passing urine is because the bladder is inflamed. This inflammation of the bladder is what causes the pain and a few other symptoms. In order for you to recover from the infection the overgrown bacteria need to be eliminated.

Urinary tract infections occur mostly in women due to the urethra being so close to the anus. For this reason females need to pay extra attention to prevent the overgrowth of bacteria.

How females can prevent urinary tract infections

  • After urinating wipe yourself from front to back and not from back to front because the urethra is located close to the anus. If you wipe yourself from the back to the front, bacteria such as E.Coli can easily travel up the urethra and into the bladder.
  • Poor vaginal hygiene is another cause of this infection, so make sure to wash yourself at least once a day to prevent a bacteria overgrowth and spread.
  • Sex can also introduce bacteria into the urinary tract. If you are not in a committed relationship you should always protect yourself by insisting that your partner uses a condom. If you are in a committed relationship and partake in unprotected sex urinating after sex can lessen the likelihood of you developing an infection.

Once you have a urinary tract infection you need to drink lots of water to flush the bacteria from your system. Usually urinating flushes out the bacteria but in the case where there is an infection one does not urinate often enough to flush out all the bacteria which is why drinking plenty of water will aid you in flushing out the bacteria quicker.